Multi-National Work-Family Research Project
(Project 3535)

Resource and Research Archive

Presentations and Publications of the Multi-National Work-Family Research
Project (Project 3535).

Index of All Listings by Research Category


WF Cross Cultural
A Cross-Cultural Approach to Work-Family Conflict.

International Conference on Work and Family, Barcelona, Spain.

Published: 2005, July
Author(s): Zeynep Aycan

A Multi-level Approach to Cross Cultural Work–Family Research A Micro and Macro Perspective

International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 3 (3), 289-303 

Published: 2003
Author(s): Karen Korabik, Donna Lero, Roya Ayman

Advancing knowledge on work-family interface through a cross-cultural approach: A multi-country project

Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL, USA. 

Published: 2004
Author(s): Roya Ayman, Karen Korabik, Donna S. Lero

Alleviating Work-Family Conflict for Women Managers in a Global Context

Eastern Academy of Management International Conference: Managing in a Global Economy XI, Cape Town, South Africa.

Published: 2005
Author(s): Karen Korabik

Combining work and family: Experiential and empirical lessons from Project 3535

Paper presented at Academy of Management Conference, Chicago, IL

Published: 2009, August
Author(s): Karen Korabik, Roya Ayman

Coping with Work-Family Conflict from a Cross Cultural Perspective

International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey

This study was aimed at addressing the issue of coping with work-family conflict (WFC) from a cross-cultural perspective. Coping is defined as the cognitive and behavioral efforts of individuals to manage taxing demands appraised as exceeding their personal resources (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984); it is the things people do to reduce harm from life's stressors (Aryee, Luk, Leung, & Lo, 1999; Somech & Drach-Zahavy, 2007). Effective coping styles, therefore, should presumably be associated with lower levels of WFC (Aryee et al., 1999). No coping styles are universally appropriate; some may work better with specific forms of conflict, or within a specific context, such as culture or personal values (Rotondo et al., 2003). Presentation of theoretical frameworks of coping with WFC will be followed by preliminary findings from the Project 3535 ten country study. The findings will have important implications for both theory and policy concerning WFC. 

Published: 2011, July
Author(s): Anit Somech, Anat Drach-Zahavy

Coping with work-family conflict: The reciprocal and additive contributions of personal coping and organizational family-friendl

Work and Stress, 26 (1) 68-90.

Published: 2012
Author(s): Anit Somech, Anat Drach-Zahavy

Cross-cultural approaches to work-family conflict.

In K. Korabik, D.S. Lero, and D.L Whitehead, (Eds). Handbook of work-family integration: Research, theory, and best practices (pp. 353-370). San Diego, CA: Elseiver.

Published: 2008
Author(s): Zeynep Aycan

Examining the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of work-family interface measures

 Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Honolulu, HI.

Published: 2014, May
Author(s): Karen Korabik, Tricia van Rhijn

Gender Role Ideology, Work-Family Overload, Conflict and Guilt: Examining A Path Analysis Model In Three Asian Countries

International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey

A model of work-family (W-F) conflict was examined via path analysis using the Project 3535 data from three Asian countries – India, Indonesia and Taiwan. Gender-role ideology (GRI) was treated as an antecedent variable that impacted W-F conflict directly as well as indirectly through the demand variables of work and family role overload. W-F guilt was the outcome variable. Fit indices were good for each country group model as well as the global model. All the path coefficients were in the hypothesized direction for the three countries, although effect sizes varied.  This indicated that GRI predicted W-F conflict in the same manner among Asian countries. A further examination of gender invariant models for each country provided adequate fit indices indicating that there were no significant differences between male and female samples.  Results are discussed in terms of the W-F conflict literature and the socio-cultural context of each Asian country.

Published: 2011, July
Author(s): Ujvala Rajadhyaksha, Ting-Pang Huang, Artiawati Mawardi