Countries That Participated
This website shares the results of Project 3535, a multi-national work-family research project which was a collaborative effort spanning 10 countries.
These countries are:
- United States
In addition, some supplementary data was collected by associated researchers. This consisted of focus group data in the Ukraine.
- to achieve a comprehensive understanding of W-F conflict, its antecedents, and its outcomes,
- to test and extend current theory on the W-F interface in an international context, and
- to provide guidance to individuals, organizations, and policy makers regarding how to best alleviate the negative consequences of W-F conflict.
This investigation has advanced the theory about the work-family (W-F) interface by illuminating how cultural, social, and public policy contexts affect the way workplaces respond to working parents, and how work and family demands and supports are experienced by individual workers. It has permitted an examination of the universality of and boundary conditions for Frone, Yardley, and Markle's (1997) theory, and has practical and policy implications. In addition to the opportunity to learn about the effects of alternative approaches to the alleviation of W-F conflict, this cross-cultural examination of workplace and government policies can provide critical learning points for policy makers and corporate executives who must increasingly be aware of the need to find culturally appropriate ways to diminish the harmful effects of high levels of W-F conflict.
We anticipate that the results of our research will contribute to further discussion among academics, business leaders, and government representatives about the kinds of changes that are required to improve the health and well-being of workers and their families, sustain high levels of productivity in a changing workforce, and enhance competitiveness in a global economy.